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mx id: 1061 | OBO id: HAO:0000896 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000896
clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle synonyms: dorsal cibarial dilatator muscle, musculus clypeo-epipharyngealis, retractor of the epipharynx, retractor, or levator, of the epipharynx
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The epipharyngeal muscle that arises from the clypeus and inserts on the epipharyngeal wall.
written by: Vilhelmsen, L., and I. Miko. 2010. Curators/Head..

Relationships / properties:
The clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is a epipharyngeal muscle.
The clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is part of the head. The clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is part of the multi-cellular organism.
When present, the clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is attached to the clypeus. When present, the clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is attached to the cuticle. When present, the clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle is attached to the epipharyngeal wall.

Label usage (sensu)
clypeo-epipharyngeal muscle by Vilhelmsen, L. 2010. Curator..
retractor of the epipharynx by Vilhelmsen, L. 1996. The preoral cavity of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta): comparative morphology and phylogenetic significance. Zoologica Scripta 25:143-170.
retractor of the epipharynx by Vilhelmsen, L. 2010. Curator..
dorsal cibarial dilatator muscle by Vilhelmsen, L. 2010. Curator..
dorsal cibarial dilatator muscle by Vilhelmsen, L. 1996. The preoral cavity of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta): comparative morphology and phylogenetic significance. Zoologica Scripta 25:143-170.
retractor, or levator, of the epipharynx by Snodgrass, R. E. 1942. The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 103:1-120.
musculus clypeo-epipharyngealis by Youssef, N. 1971. Topography of the cephalic musculature and nervous system of the honey bee Apis mellifera Linnaeus. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 99:1-54.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
Group of fibers arising on distal part of clypeus, diverging to insertions within the epipharynx. (Levator veli palatini Wolff.)
  Reference: Snodgrass, R. E. 1942. The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 103:1-120.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
The epipharynx usually has a muscle inserted on its proximal margin which is the retractor of the epipharynx. This muscle is probably derived from one of the cibarial dilatators.
  Reference: Vilhelmsen, L. 1996. The preoral cavity of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta): comparative morphology and phylogenetic significance. Zoologica Scripta 25:143-170.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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