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mx id: 1489 | OBO id: HAO:0000408 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000408
hypopharyngeal rod synonyms: epimental sclerite, ligular arm
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The ligament that connects the proximolateral margin of the prementum with the proximal part of the ligula.
written by: Popovici, O. A., I. Mikó, K. Seltmann, and A. R. Deans. 2012. The maxillo-labial complex in Sparasion (Platygastroidea: Platygastridae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research in prep.

Relationships / properties:
The hypopharyngeal rod is a ligament.
The hypopharyngeal rod is part of the cuticle. The hypopharyngeal rod is part of the hypopharyngeal wall. The hypopharyngeal rod is part of the integument.

Label usage (sensu)
hypopharyngeal rod by Vilhelmsen, L. 1996. The preoral cavity of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta): comparative morphology and phylogenetic significance. Zoologica Scripta 25:143-170.
hypopharyngeal rod by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
ligular arm by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
ligular arm by Snodgrass, R. E. 1956. Anatomy of the Honey Bee. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca 334 pp.
ligular arm by Prentice, M. A. 1998. The comparative morphology and phylogeny of Apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) Thesis (Ph D in Entomology)--University of California, Berkeley..
epimental sclerite by Gotwald, W. 1969. Comparative Morphological Studies of the Ants, with Particular Reference to teh Mouthparts (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Memoir 408.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 6 years ago by Istvan Miko
The process that is continuous proximally with the anterodistal edge of the lateral part of the prementum and distally with the anterior glossal sclerite.
  Reference: Vilhelmsen, L., and I. Miko. 2010. Curators/Head..
  Cross reference: None provided.


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