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mx id: 1597 | OBO id: HAO:0000653 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000653
occipital carina synonyms: nuchal carina, nuchal collar, occipital keel, preoccipital carina, preoccipital ridge
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The carina that surrounds dorsolaterally the occiput.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The occipital carina is a carina.
The occipital carina is part of the cranium. The occipital carina is part of the cuticle. The occipital carina is part of the sclerite.

Figures
Zagryphus nasutus
Trimorus
Trimorus bohemicus Masner
Entomacis perplexa (Haliday)
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder
Entomacis mellipetiolata (Ashmead)
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder
Entomacis microbipunctata Yoder, 2004
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder

Label usage (sensu)
occipital carina by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
preoccipital ridge by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
preoccipital ridge by Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA 913 pp.
nuchal carina by Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
occipital carina by Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
nuchal collar by Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
preoccipital carina by Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA 913 pp.
occipital keel by ref incomplete
occipital carina by Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
occipital carina by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
nuchal carina by Brown, W. L. 1974. A remarkable new island isolate in the ant genus Proceratium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . Psyche 81:70-83.
nuchal carina by Sorger , D., and H. Zettel. 2011. On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804. Myrmecological News 14:141-163.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added about 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
An upside-down U-shaped ridge on the back or posterior surface of the head; the occipital carina differentiates the posterior occiput and temples and lateral genae (see also genal carina).
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
A ridge on the posterior surface on the head that separated the dorsal and lateral surfaces (the vertex and the genae, respectively) from the occipital surface. Also called nuchal carina. In most ant species the occipital carina is not visible in full-face view but it may be sometimes visible either as a narrow rim or as a flaring collar (= the nuchal collar).
  Reference: Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
Step-like rim on occiput: in lateral view.
  Reference: Masner, L., and J. L. García. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the new world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268:107-138.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
A ridge on the posterior surface of the head that separates the occiput from the vertex and gena; the ventral part of the ridge is sometimes called the genal carina.
  Reference: Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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