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mx id: 489 | OBO id: HAO:0000853 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000853
pronotum synonyms: orbicular cervical sclerite, proscutum, protergum
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The notum that is located in the prothorax.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The pronotum is a notum.
The pronotum is part of the cuticle. The pronotum is part of the prothorax. The pronotum is part of the thoracic segment. The pronotum is part of the thorax.

Figures
Tremex columba Linnaeus, 1763
Paridris
Copyright ©Elijah Talamas, Norman Johnson
Evania appendigaster (Linnaeus, 1758); Evania appendagaster Samouelle, 1819
Szepligetella levipetiolata (Turner, 1919); Szepligetella levipetiolata (Turner, 1919)
Cirrospilus coachellae Gates, 2000
Copyright ©Lars Krogmann
Perilampus Latreille, 1809
Copyright ©Lars Krogmann
Entomacis ambigua (Brues)
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder
Entomacis notioxera Yoder, 2004
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder
Entomacis notioxera Yoder, 2004
Copyright ©Matthew J. Yoder
Biosteres carbonarius
Biosteres carbonarius
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
pronotum by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
pronotum by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
pronotum by Shuckard, W. E. 1836. A Manual of entomology tr from the German of Dr Herman Burmeister by W E Shuckard, with additions by the author, and original notes and plates by the translator. E. Churchton, London 654 pp.
proscutum by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
orbicular cervical sclerite by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
protergum by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
Dorsal sclerite of the prothorax, which overlaps the sides of the thorax so as to be upside-down U-like; the pronotum usually is more or less loosely articulated with the mesothorax (see also lateral panel of the pronotum).
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
The dorsal sclerite of the prothorax; in most Hymenoptera, occupying also the dorsolateral or lateral part of the prothorax.
  Reference: Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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