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mx id: 576 | OBO id: HAO:0000957 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000957
pterostigma synonyms: anastomosis, bulla, carpus, fore pterostigma, parastigma, prostigma, pterostigma anterius, stigma
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The patch on the wing that is sclerotized and is on the anterior margin of the fore wing.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The pterostigma is a patch.
The pterostigma is part of the cuticle. The pterostigma is part of the integument. The pterostigma is part of the wing blade.

Figures
Pimpla aequalis

Label usage (sensu)
pterostigma by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
stigma by Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
stigma by Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
pterostigma by Gauld, I. D., Bolton, B. (eds.). 1988. The Hymenoptera. Oxford University Press and British Museum (Natural History), Oxford 332 pp.
stigma by Comstock, J. H., and J. G. Needham. 1898. The Wings of Insects Chapter III (Continued). American Naturalist 32:335-340.
parastigma by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
fore pterostigma by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
anastomosis by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
bulla by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
carpus by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
prostigma by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
pterostigma anterius by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added about 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
More or less knob-like enlargement at the apex of the stigmal vein.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 11 years ago by Matt Yoder
In Chalcidoidea, a knob-like enlargement of the apex of the stigmal vein.
  Reference: Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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