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mx id: 7928 | OBO id: HAO:0001592 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001592
occipito-cardinal muscle synonyms: M. craniocardinalis externus, cardinal protractor of the proboscis, first protractor of the maxilla, muscle 15, productor of the cardo
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The maxillar muscle that arises medially from the occiput dorsally of the occipital foramen and inserts on the proximolateral part of the cardo.
written by: Vilhelmsen, L., and I. Miko. 2010. Curators/Head..

Relationships / properties:
The occipito-cardinal muscle is a maxillar muscle.
The occipito-cardinal muscle is part of the head. The occipito-cardinal muscle is part of the multi-cellular organism.
When present, the occipito-cardinal muscle is attached to the cuticle.

Label usage (sensu)
occipito-cardinal muscle by Vilhelmsen, L., and I. Miko. 2010. Curators/Head..
M. craniocardinalis externus by Beutel, R., and L. Vilhelmsen. 2007. Head anatomy of Xyelidae (Hexapoda: Hymenoptera) and phylogenetic implications. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 7:207-230.
cardinal protractor of the proboscis by Prentice, M. A. 1998. The comparative morphology and phylogeny of Apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) Thesis (Ph D in Entomology)--University of California, Berkeley..
cardinal protractor of the proboscis by Snodgrass, R. E. 1942. The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 103:1-120.
productor of the cardo by Duncan, C. D. 1939. A contribution to the biology of North American vespine wasps. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 8:1-233.
first protractor of the maxilla by Alam, S. M. 1951. The skeleto-muscular mechanism of Stenobracon deesae Cameron (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) - An ectoparasite of sugarcane and juar borers of India Part I Head and thorax. Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 3:1-174.
muscle 15 by Beutel, R., and L. Vilhelmsen. 2007. Head anatomy of Xyelidae (Hexapoda: Hymenoptera) and phylogenetic implications. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 7:207-230.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Katja Seltmann
point of fixed attachment on inner wall of post gena; point of movable attachment on outer wall of cardo
  Reference: Youssef, N. 1971. Topography of the cephalic musculature and nervous system of the honey bee Apis mellifera Linnaeus. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 99:1-54.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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