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mx id: 883 | OBO id: HAO:0000155 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000155
axilla synonyms: juxtascutellum, parapsis, parapteron, parascutellum, parattero del mesonoto, posterolateral lobe, postscutum, praescutellum, prescutellum, proscutellum
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The area that is located posterior to the transscutal articulation and anterior to the scutoscutellar suture.
written by: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.

Relationships / properties:
The axilla is a area.
The axilla is part of the cuticle. The axilla is part of the mesoscutellar-axillar complex.

Figures
Tremex columba Linnaeus, 1763
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
axilla by Gibson, G. A. P. 1985. Some pro- and mesothoracic structures important for phylogenetic analysis of Hymenoptera, with a review of the terms used for the structures. Canadian Entomologist 117:1395-1443.
postscutum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
axilla by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
praescutellum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
parascutellum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
axilla by Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
axilla by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
axilla by Thomson, C. G. 1876. Hymenoptera Scandinaviae Part 4 Pteromalus., 309 pp.
parapteron by MacLeay, W. 1830. Explanation of the comparative anatomy of the thorax in winged insects, with a review of the present state of the nomenclature of its parts. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 5:145-179.
proscutellum by Escherich, K. 1906. Ueber die Biologie der Ameisen. Zoologisches Zentralblatt 13:405-440.
juxtascutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. Notes on the thoracic sclerites of winged insects. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 25:15-25.
prescutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.
parascutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.
postscutum by Bucher, G. 1948. The anatomy of Monodontomerus dentipes Boh, an entomophagus chalcid. Canadian Journal of Research, Section D, Zoological Sciences 26:230-281.
parapsis by Bracken, D. 1961. The external morphology of two eastern species of the genus Anoplonyx (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), with special reference to Anoplonyx luteipes (Cresson). Canadian Entomologist 93:573-593.
parattero del mesonoto by Emery, C. 1900. Intorno al torace delle formiche e particolarmente dei neutri. Bullettino della SocietĂ  Entomologica Italiana 32:103-119.
posterolateral lobe by Saini, M., S. Dhillon, and R. Aggarwal. 1982. Skeletomuscular differences in the thorax of winged and non-winged forms of Camponotus camelinus (Smith) (Hym, Formicidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 29:447-458.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
Usually paired, often triangular regions posterior to the mesoscutum that usually appear as anterolateral regions of the scutellum; the term is usually used for the entire structure but each axilla has both a dorsal surface and a lateral panel of the axilla.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Kelly Dew
The area delimited anteriorly by the transscutal articulation and posteriorly by a virtual line along the scutoscutellar sulcus, including the mesoscutellar pit if present, to the mesonotal margin, but not including the postalar process if present.
  Reference: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
Paired areas on mesonotum laterad scutellum
  Reference: Masner, L., and J. L. GarcĂ­a. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the new world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268:107-138.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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